• Bacterial Richness of Soil Samples from Southern New Hampshire
    Author:
    Meghana Chalasani*, Carissa Chen*, Alyse Clinton*, Dylan Cotter*, Patrick Dickinson*, Peter Duff*, Nora Epler*, Thomas Gallup*, Keegan Gibson*, Myles Haigney*, Sydney Jones*, Rebecca Ju*, Kaitlyn Kang*, Mahesh Kumar*, Katherine Martel*, Michaela Nickerson*, Lena Papadakis*, Stephen Price*, Arjun Rajan*, Rohit Rajiv*, Sagar Rao*, Devin Schroeder*, David Shepley*, Oscar Suen, Caroline Sullivan*, Andrew Tuchler*, Rohan Upadhyayula*, Elizabeth Ward*, Wei Xiao Zhang*, Erik Janicki, Anne Rankin

    21 September 2016 3:29 AM |

    Advancement in DNA sequencing technology has greatly increased our understanding about the role of bacteria in soil. The authors of this study examine the microbial content of soil samples taken from three locations in southern New Hampshire with varying pH and plant composition.

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  • Molecular Alterations in a High-Fat Mouse Model Before the Onset of Diet–Induced Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
    Author:
    Sangwon Lee(1), Sangmin Lee(1), Won Sunwoo(1), Taehoon Kim(1), Kyumin Lee(1), Ja Kyung Kim(2)
    Focus:
    , , , ,

    20 September 2016 4:20 PM |

    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most prevalent chronic liver diseases worldwide, but there are few studied warning signs for early detection of the disease. Here, researchers study alterations that occur in a mouse model of NAFLD, which indicate the onset of NAFLD sooner. Earlier detection of diseases can lead to better prevention and treatment.

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  • The Emergence of Tetracycline Resistance in Rumen Bacteria
    Author:
    Aylin Memili (1,2), Xiaoqiang Wang (3,4), Shien Lu (3), Erdoğan Memili (5)

    16 September 2016 11:38 PM |

    The emergence of antibiotic-resistant pathogenic bacteria is a major concern for human health, rendering some antibiotics ineffective in treating diseases. The authors of this study tested the hypothesis that exposing rumen bacteria to tetracycline will gradually lead to the development of tetracycline-resistant bacteria, some of which will develop multidrug resistance.

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  • The Relationship between Close-range Shooting Distance and Nitrite Patterns on Cotton and Polyester Clothing
    Author:
    Cydney J.C. Francis and Jason Scott

    06 September 2016 1:04 AM |

    At a crime scene, the presence and pattern of gunshot residue can help forensic scientists piece together the events that occurred. To assist this, the authors of this paper determined the relationship between shooting distance and nitrite residue patterns left on fabric targets.

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  • Bacterial Load Consistency Among Three Independent Water Distribution Systems
    Author:
    Pooja Patel, Tina Phan, Shelby Phillips, Erin Dixon, Jennifer Cole, Jeneba Aruna, Lilian Kyeremeh, Jada Newsome, Alicia Polak, Eileena Silva, Jazmine Dominguez, Alexis Martinez, Sheila Mwangi, Kimberly A. Gonzalez*

    06 September 2016 12:58 AM |

    Clean drinking water is an essential component to maintaining public health. The authors of this study tested the bacterial load of water from three different disinfection and filtration systems in order to determine which system might be superior.

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